Promoting interculturalism, tolerance and diversity in the learning process

Teaching techniques: 2. Fruit bowl / Anyone who…

Learning Objectives:

To raise the energy of the group.

To develop concentration, explore aspects of identity in a fun way and explore the idea of identity as fixed and fluid.


The necessary time will vary depending on the number of participants but is estimated between 30 minutes to 1 hour.

Necessary Materials:

  • Chairs

Description of the activity:

  1. All participants sit on chairs in a circle with one person standing in the middle. Each person on the chairs is given a name, either apple, pear or banana. The person in the middle also gets the name of one of the three fruits.
  2. The person in middle calls out one of the fruits, for example “apple” and all apples must change places, and they cannot go to the seat directly on either side of them, directly to their right or to their left.
  3. The person in the middle also tries to sit on a chair and so one person will be left standing once everyone has found a chair. That person now goes to the middle and calls a fruit, such as bananas, and all bananas change place and so on. The person in the middle can also call “fruit bowl” and when “fruit bowl” is called, everybody changes places.


  1. You can link the game to “identity” as the person in the middle calls out categories to do with a person’s identity for example “Anyone who…” has black hair, blue eyes, was not born in Europe, etc. The categories to cover are (a) appearance, (b) family, (c) place, (d) likes and dislikes, (e) something you have done or love, etc. This can be used to discuss what we may have in common with each other. In relation to the term identity, the facilitator can introduce ideas of fixed and fluid, what can be changed, do we judge people based on fixed identity, etc.
  2. If the group feels comfortable with the exercise, more serious questions can be introduced, e.g. “Anyone who has been discriminated in their lives”, “Anyone who has been subject to ridicules”, etc. The facilitator should explain to the participants that each one is free to decide whether s/he identifies with the question or whether to tell the truth or not. At the end the facilitator can start a discussion around the concepts of identity, discrimination, tolerance and inclusion.